Music Consumption in the MP3 Era
Music Consumption in the MP3 Era

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A Sampling of Articles, Reviews, and Essays:

Feel free to dig through the Deep Freeze for more, but stuff dated before mid-March 2005 is still formative and impressionistic, and not really worth the effort.

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Note: the copyrighted audio material on this site is for listening only, and is not downloadable. It is provided as illustrations to the articles, and to interest people in the legal purchase of these artists' material. Any copyright holder who would like their material removed should contact me, and I'll remove it.


Friday, April 15, 2005

Weekend Reissue Roundup #3 04/16/05

This week's new reissue picks (label, release date, Jam Tags, 1-5 stars):

The Flamin' Groovies: Jumpin' In The Night (DBK, April 12, 2005) ***

Rusted Root: 20th Century Masters: The Best Of Rusted Root (Mercury, April 12, 2005) ***

Charalambides: Our Bed Is Green (Kranky, April 19, 2005) ****

The Swallows: The Very Best Of The Swallows (Collectables, April 12, 2005) ***

The Flamin' Groovies: Jumpin' In The Night (1979)   Rusted Root: 20th Century Masters - The Millennium Collection: The Best of Rusted Root [ORIGINAL RECORDING REMASTERED]   Charalambides: Our Bed Is Green (1992)   The Swallows: The Very Best Of The Swallows (2005)

This week's reissues include a once hard-to-find late-70's Flamin' Groovies album, a remaster of the only best-of available for Rusted Root, low-fi space rock from Houston-based Charalambides, and nearly forgotten pre-rock R&B/doo-wop outfit the Swallows.

The Flamin' Groovies: Jumpin' In The Night
The Flamin' Groovies: Jumpin' In The Night (1979)
This 1979 album, originally released on Sire records, was the Groovies' second album to emerge following their 1976 breakthrough "Shake Some Action". Following that hit, the San Francisco band relocated to England and released two British Invasion style albums, full of cover versions and similar sounding originals. While this one is an enjoyable enough album, it was considered a disappointment when it came out, very much seeming like an inferior retread of the previous album, The Flamin' Groovies Now! That said, there are some interesting and offbeat songs here, including the originals "Yes I Am" and the title track, plus the Byrds' "5D", David Crosby's "Lady Friend" and Warren Zevon's "Werewolves Of London" (which replaced a cover of "19th Nervous Breakdown" on the American edition). The album itself flopped, and the band was dropped from Sire. This reissue doesn't include "19th Nervous Breakdown" which would have been a welcome bonus cut.

Rusted Root: 20th Century Masters - The Millennium Collection: The Best of Rusted Root [ORIGINAL RECORDING REMASTERED]
Rusted Root: 20th Century Masters - The Millennium Collection: The Best of Rusted Root [ORIGINAL RECORDING REMASTERED]
Jam-band Rusted Root has officially been around long enough to hit the budget bins; and Mercury's budget-priced collection is the first anthology available for this band. Originally released in 2002, this remaster has better sound. It is a serviceable collection, although it only contains one song from their best album, Remember. Otherwise, most of their familiar songs are here, including "Ecstasy" "Send Me On My Way" and "Welcome To My Party". Also included is their cover of Santana's "Evil Ways" from the film Home For The Holidays. Their original albums are more cohesive than this one, but for those who just want an overview, this will do the job. The price is right. Might be a good rest stop purchase on a long road trip.

Charalambides: Our Bed Is Green
Charalambides: Our Bed Is Green (1992)
Led by the husband and wife team of Tom and Christina Carter, this Texas-based low-fi band specialized in a fragile, guitar-based psychedelic space rock, not unlike Flying Saucer Attack or Bardo Pond, but with a folkier, gentler sound. Christina Carter handles the vocals. Our Bed Is Green was originally released in 1992 as a double album, and generated some minor buzz with its avant-blues and low-fi drones. It's a delicate, pleasant album, perhaps a little overlong, but interesting in a way reminiscent of reclusive Houston artist Jandek.

The Swallows: The Very Best Of The Swallows
The Swallows: The Very Best Of The Swallows (2005)
Best remembered for the R&B song "Dearest" in 1951, "It Ain't the Meat (It's the Motion)" (later covered by Maria Muldaur), and "I Only Have Eyes For You" which they released six years before the Flamingoes did, the Swallows were a Baltimore R&B/doo-wop outfit active from 1946-1958, mainly on King records. This 25-song compilation contains everything you'd ever need from the group. including all their hits, and a good selection of B-sides.

A slightly modified version of this article appears at


Genre Playlist: Grunge

Green River: Dry As A Bone (1986)   Mudhoney: Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge
Nirvana: Bleach   Tad: 8-Way Santa

The emergence of grunge at the start of the 1990's was the culmination of a decade plus of indie music, and also was a major revitalization of rock as a viable commercial proposition. Simply put, grunge represents what in the 70's was unthinkable; a merging of heavy metal and punk.

Its sound was muddy and murky, in the tradition of the muddy, murky records of the proto-punk era; its touchstones were the enormous riffs of Black Sabbath coupled with the frenetic sloppiness of the Stooges. It wasn't a metal scene, despite the obvious influences; grunge had more to do with punk, sharing (in the early days) indie label roots and a DIY ethic. Yet it wasn't a punk scene either; in the traditional sense. It was something new; and, for a brief time, became huger than anything.

The indie roots that most of these bands shared was one indie label in particular: Sub Pop Records. Sub Pop doubled as distributor of the early albums of nearly all the grunge bands of note, and also an important nexus between these bands and their audience. Among the bands that released material through Sub Pop were: Nirvana, Green River, L7, Mudhoney, Soundgarden, and many other lesser known ones.

Grunge referred not just to the music, but to the youth culture scene around it, not just in Seattle, but also in Olympia, Portland, and pacific northwest college towns. At its height, it was the largest and most vibrant west coast scene since the San Francisco Bay Area in the 60's. It represented an attitude, which was fiercely independant as a culture; it even turned the flannel shirt into a hot item for a while, although in most cases the flannel was merely a reflection of the chilly climate.

The Melvins: Houdini (1993)   Alice In Chains: Dirt (1992)   Pearl jam: Vitalogy   Soundgarden: Badmotorfinger (1991)

If one were to cast a look back to its earliest forefathers, one might be tempted to go all the way back to the 60's; locally famous Pacific Nothwest bands such as the Sonics and the Wailers were hyper-fuzzed garage bands who recorded for local labels.

The first real grunge band was Green River, who recorded from 1985-1988 and released two albums on Sub Pop; the band is also important for siring two crucial bands from the scene: Mark Arm and Steve Turner formed Mudhoney, and Jeff Ament and Stone Gossard formed Mother Love Bone, and then Pearl Jam. Among the other first wave acts were Soundgarden, and the Melvins, who befriended the young Kurt Cobain.

The first wave of grunge was heavier than the second wave, which included Nirvana, Pearl Jam, and Stone Temple Pilots, among others. Ironically, none of these bands could have existed without Mudhoney and the Melvins, yet they went on to enormous international success, while the first wave languished and failed to break nationally.
Stone temple Pilots: Purple   Hole: Live Through This   Love battery: Dayglo (1992)   Temple Of the Dog: Temple Of The Dog (1990)

Nirvana became the miracle breakout success, jumping from a recorded-for-$600 indie debut to selling three million copies of their major-label follow-up. Pearl Jam's debut took off following Nirvana's success, parlaying it into a long-term career.

In the wake of the mega-platinum success of those bands, national labels went on a frenzied signing spree, setting off a third wave of grunge, which included acts like Bush and Candlebox. While these bands met with commercial success, their albums were tepidly received by the music press, and were looked upon with suspicion, or downright disdain by fans of the first wavers. Many bands signed during this 1993-1994 peak commercial period sank without a trace following their debuts, and were dropped from their labels.

By 1995, grunge was already being pronounced over; two of its most important figures, Cobain and Mother Love Bone's Andrew Wood were dead, the local scene had suffered from a heroin epidemic, and public tastes had turned to a variety of alternative rock styles. The grunge bands either adapted to the times (Pearl Jam, Stone Temple Pilots), or called it a day (Soundgarden). The legacy they leave is alternative music itself; they turned it from an independant phenomenon to a major one. The music itself remains true in spirit to rock 'n' roll, and at its best it has become part of the lexicon. At its worst, it still captures a time and place unlike any other.

Among the important songs and artists of the grunge era:

1. Nirvana: Smells Like Teen Spirit
Nirvana: Nevermind (1991)
For better and worse, this was the song that thrust doomed reluctant hero Kurt Cobain and band into the forefront of the music scene. Their previous album, Bleach, was recorded at a cost of $600, and sold 35,000 copies. Nevermind, their sophomore album, and debut for record titan David Geffen's label sold 3 million, exceeding its modest sales goal 30 times. "Smells Like Teen Spirit" reached #6; when it appeared it was arguably the hardest rock ever to reach the top-10. Following this breakthough, the floodgates opened, and the world at large learned of grunge's existence.

2. Pearl Jam: Alive
Pearl Jam: Ten (1991)
"Even Flow" was their breakthrough, but "Alive" remains one of their most beloved songs, with a big meaty hook for a chorus, and unusually poignant autobiographical lyrics, about the father he never knew he had, from Eddie Vedder. Guitarist Mike McCready is in firey form throughout; Vedder alternates between quiet and intimate and bellowing over the din. Pearl Jam is one of the few grunge bands to maintain a career into the 00's and still remain vital.

3. Soundgarden: Black Hole Sun
Soundgarden: Superunknown (1994)
In some ways, Soundgarden is the very definition of grunge; their oppressively heavy Black Sabbath style riffs meshed with the DIY post-punk ethic and sense of irony to create a mammoth, defiant sound. By the time of Superunknown they had refined this approach as much as it could be refined. "Black Hole Sun" is their biggest hit, a gloomy piece of psychedelic lead that reflected the mood of the scene in the wake of Cobain's suicide. They had many better songs, including "Rusty Cage" (later covered by Johnny Cash), but this leaves the longest shadow.

4. L7: Pretend We're Dead
L7: Bricks Are heavy (1992)
L7 was often associated with the Seattle/grunge scene via Sup Pop records, the Seattle label that also released Nirvana's first album. Actually, L7 was an all female quartet from Los Angeles. "Pretend We're Dead" was from Bricks Are Heavy, produced by Butch Vig (who had produced Nevermind) in 1992. It was their biggest single, reaching #8 on the Modern Rock charts. Their sound was raw and abrasive, but with a depth and substance to this album, which put them at the forefront of the "riot grrrl" movement.

5. Stone Temple Pilots: Plush
Stone Temple Pilots: Core (1992)
Core was released in 1992 to almost universal negative reviews; much of the criticism suggested they were a rip-off. It's true that on their debut, Scott Weiland sounds a lot like Eddie Vedder, and the band plays like an ultra-murkified Soundgarden. Still, STP had the last laugh, by lasting longer than most of their peers, and developing a sound of their own. "Plush" is a triumph, though; a stately rocker in a heavy 70's mold, fuzzed up and juiced. Weiland currently fronts Velvet Revolver; essentially replacing Axl Rose in Guns 'n' Roses.

6. Mudhoney: Touch Me I'm Sick
Mudhoney: Touch Me I'm Sick [45] (1988)
Mudhoney probably deserves credit as the most influental grunge band, both on record and behind the scenes. Mudhoney would be the first band to really score for Sub Pop records, the label that made the scene possible. "Sweet Young Thing Ain't Sweet No More" b/w "Touch Me I'm Sick" was their debut single. Mark Arm's wailing, degenerate lyrics atop a guitar cacophony proved a potent combination. Mudhoney was signed to a major deal by Reprise records in 1992, but never placed an album higher than #189; after being dropped, they returned to Sub Pop and released an album in 2002.

7. Screaming Trees: Nearly Lost You
the Screaming Trees: Sweet Oblivion (1988)
Where many grunge bands took their sonic cues from the 70's, Screaming Trees borrowed as far back as the sixties, particularly sixties psychedelic garage band music. This combined with the requisite 70's riffing and 80's punk aesthetic, distorted and fuzzed, to create a neo-psychedelic grunge sound. They recorded for SST and Sub Pop, with a discography going back to 1986; in 1989 they became the first grunge band to land a major deal, with Epic. "Nearly Lost You" was their biggest hit, from the summer of 1992. The band recorded through the 90's, but broke up in 2000.

8. Mother Love Bone: Stardog Champion
Mother Love bone: Apple (1990)
Grunge's first major loss was that of Mother Love Bone's Andrew Wood. Flamboyant in a vaguely glam-rock manner, he and the band struck a contrast to the more taciturn demeanors of most gunge frontmen. The playing was strongly 70's classic rock influenced; Led Zeppelin meets Aerosmith. Featuring Jeff Ament and Stone Gossard from Green River, the band created an instand buzz, and was signed right out of the box to Polygram, where they recorded Apple, their debut. Sadly, Wood died of a heroin overdose months prior to the scheduled release. "Stardog Champion" is a good example of their sound and Wood's charisma.

9. Bush: Glycerine
Bush: Sixteen Stone
Bush is another band that benefited greatly from the gold rush that followed in the wake of Nirvana's success. Indeed, they sound like a Nirvana-by-design, unlike the real Nirvana, which was a strictly by-accident phenomenon. Actually a British band fairly well ignored in their homeland, they were also one of the only British bands to attempt grunge in England. "Glycerine" was one of a pair of hits from their 1994 debut to reach #1 on the Modern Rock chart, and crossover to a top-40 showing on the pop charts. Bush earned tepid reviews at best throughout their career, but all five of their albums charted in the Billboard top-40 in America, the first two reaching the top-10.

10. Green River: Swallow My Pride
green river: Come On Down (1985)
Usually credited with being the first grunge band of them all, Green River's first release was in 1985, and represented the vanguard or grunge's first wave. They're best remembered now as the band that gave Pearl Jam's Stone Gossard and Jeff Ament and Mudhoney's Mark Arm and Steve Turner their big start. Their Sub Pop debut was released in 1987, but the band broke up the following year. "Swallow My Pride" is a good record, and of considerable historical value, and appeared on several compilations. Mark Arm's discography can be traced to an amateurish band called Mr. Epp, which released an EP in 1982.

Listen to Mudhoney: Touch Me I'm Sick (1988)

A slightly modified version of this article appears at